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作者信息   主题: 法国空降兵简介873

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  发表时间: 2007-10-22 12:43:48             

特别提示:本帖子在 2008-10-3 19:51:34 由用户 412886049 编辑过

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http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=44797
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http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?p=638706&sid=42e55b74de80514f5224f9eadadf52b7
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http://www.parasfrancais.org.uk/units.htm
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http://203.208.39.99/search?q=cache:OoIMGKG5nhEJ:warandgame.wordpress.com/2008/01/30/corps-francs/+capitaine+Geille+french&hl=zh-CN&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=cn&st_usg=ALhdy2_l8U9wkaQYLXFMudwaDInwBNT4MA
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FRENCH AIRBORNE TROOPS IN 1935 – 1945 :
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  In 1935 an airborne center is created by capitaine Geille on Avignon-Pujaut. The first French airborne troops were called "infanterie de l'air" and officially created on 1st April 1937, after a decision taken on October 20, 1936. Two "Groupes de l'Infanterie de l'Air" (GIA.) were formed (601st in Reims and 602nd in Baraki in Algeria).
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  1935年,Geille上尉在阿维尼翁-皮若(Avignon-Pujaut)创建了一个空降兵中心.首批法国空降部队被称作空军步兵(infanterie de l'air),正式创建于1937年4月1日(批准时间为1936年10月20日)。先后组建了2个空军步兵营(Groupes de l'Infanterie de l'Air,简称G.I.A.):第601在兰斯9O8!C\22p3j -~(Reims),第602在阿尔及利亚的巴拉基(Baraki)组建。
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Each group is composed of :
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one HQ
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one transport aircraft squadron
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one airborne infantry company (= CIA = Compagnie d'Infanterie de l'Air) : 175 men organized in 3 platoons + 1 support platoon (with 2 37mm TR infantry guns and 2 Hotchkiss Mle1914 HMGs).
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每个营编制如下:
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-指挥部
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-1个运输机中队
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-1个空降步兵连:下辖8名军官,25名军士,174名伞兵,编为2个排和1个支援排(装备2门37毫米牵引式(TR)步兵炮与2挺哈奇开斯Mle1914重机枪)。
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PS:TR在法文中是牵引(火炮)的缩写。
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Groupe de l'infanterie de l'air 601 (1937)
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-commander : commandant Mayet (after commandant Arsac)
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-commander of the infantry company : capitaine Sauvagnac assisted by lieutenant Glaizot (the lieutenants in the squads are Le Bourhis, Mayer, Audebert, Lespina, Fournier and Foucault)
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军官名录(1937年)
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第601空军步兵营
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-指挥官:马叶(Mayet)空军少校
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-步兵连连长:索瓦尼亚克(Sauvagnac)上尉
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-副连长 格莱索(Glaizot)中尉
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以及各排的勒·布尔里(Le Bourhis)、马耶(Mayer)、奥德贝尔(Audebert)、莱斯皮纳 (Lespina)、富尔尼埃(Fournier)和福科尔(Foucault)中尉
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Groupe de l'infanterie de l'air 602 (1937)
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-commander : commandant Michel
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-commander of the infantry company : capitaine Loizeau assisted by lieutenant Dupouts (the lieutenants in the squads are Fleury, Morel, Chevalier, Lemaître, Lemire and Bastouil)
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第602空中步兵营
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-指挥官:米歇尔(Michel)空军少校
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-步兵连连长:卢瓦索(Loiseau)上尉
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-副连长:迪布许(Dupouch)中尉
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以及各排的弗勒里(Fleury)、莫雷尔(Morel)、舍瓦利埃(Chevalier)、勒麦特尔(Lemaître), 勒米尔( Lemire ) 和巴斯图耶 ( Bastouil ) 中尉
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  Each 12-men squad is armed with Mousqueton Berthier Mle1892 M16, 2 FM 24/29 LMGs per squad, one VB launcher and hand grenades (36 carbines and 6 LMGs in one platoon) ... and later Erma Vollmer SMGs in the corps francs. The MAS36 CR39, a MAS 36 with foldable stock specially designed for airborne troops was never put into service before the armistice. Seven Boys anti-tank rifles were also already used in the Corps Francs in 1939. The 37mm infantry guns and HMGs are launched in separate containers in the bomb bay of the planes but the small arms are attached to the men during the drop.
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  每个班12人,装备莫斯盖东·贝尔蒂埃1892型(Mousqueton Berthier Mle)M16,2挺24/29轻机枪,1个VB枪榴弹发射器和手榴弹若干。1个排共装备36支卡宾枪与6支轻机枪,后来又配发了EMP 冲锋枪。专门为空降部队开发的MAS 36 CR39(MAS36的折叠枪托型)在停战前未能装备部队。1939年,空降部队已经装备了7挺伯义斯反坦克步枪。37毫米炮与重机枪都是装箱后放入飞机的炸弹舱内空投,轻武器则由伞兵随身携带跳伞。
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  The doctrine and formation are inspired from the big Russian trainings observed in Kiev in 1935. Many specific equipments, girdles for the fixation of various equipments, the leg bag etc. are specially studied and realized by the French Air Force. These equipments were presented to the British forces in 1939 and adopted by the British SAS. The parachutes are first British Irvin sport models imported by the SGP (Société Générale des Parachutes) and Russian copies of the Irvin model and later French models : the Aviorex 120 and 130 models.  
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  空降部队的编制与条令都受到1935年苏军基辅大演习的观察结果影响。许多伞降特殊装备:如腿袋、吊挂各种装备的腰带等都是由法国空军研制的。1939年,这些装备对英军进行了展示,英国的SAS又进一步改进了它们。最初使用的降落伞是通过降落伞总公司(Société Générale des Parachutes,简称SGP)进口的英制欧文式降落伞运动型和俄制的欧文式降落伞仿制品,后来则开始使用法国国产的阿维奥雷克斯(Aviorex)120型与130型。
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  On 7th October 1937, capitaine Sauvagnac beats the world record of free fall without inhalator with 74 seconds.
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  1939年10月7日,索瓦尼亚克上尉在不戴呼吸面罩的情况下,从空中跳伞并在长达74秒的自由落体之后才打开降落伞,打破了世界纪录。
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  At First the doctrine is concerning the use of small saboteurs groups for the destruction of factories or bridges. Many trainings were organized for the new airborne troops. For example in August 1937 the 601st CIA seized a bridge on the Durance and in September 1937 after a drop of 100m only in a rainy sky they seized by surprise the HQ of a whole division.
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  一开始,伞降部队的作战原则是分成爆破小组空降到敌后,破坏桥梁或者工厂。伞降部队进行了大量的训练:例如,在1937年8月,第601空军步兵营在迪朗斯(Durance)“夺取”了一座桥梁;1937年9月,他们又在一个雨天以仅仅100米的高度跳伞,“夺取”了一个师的师部。
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  In October 1938 the whole 601st CIA is dropped on BA112 airbase by 5 planes and in less than 3 minutes after the beginning of the dropping the first 37mm rounds were shot. The German observers invited to this presentation were impressed and unlike the French high command they used these lessons.  
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  1938年10月,第601空中步兵营乘坐5架飞机在BA112基地上空跳伞。从伞降开始之后不到5分钟,第1门37毫米炮已经打出了第一发炮弹。德军观察员应邀观看了这次演习,并对这次演习印象很深;而且与法军高层不同的是,德军将他们所学的东西进行了利用。
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  In September 1939, the 601st is based in Avignon-Pujaut and the 602nd in Montélimar. In November 1939 they are directed towards Calais where they keep on alert, ready to embark in Farman 224s during one week. They were thought to jump over the Flessingue airbase and Arnemuisen isthmus in the Netherlands but the operation was never launched.
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  1939年9月大战爆发时601营驻扎在阿维尼翁-皮若Q4.KD|2n}s(Avignon-Pujaut),而602营驻扎在蒙特利马尔(Montélimar)。1939年11月,它们都被调往加莱,并在那里保持警戒,准备在一周之内登上法尔曼224,在荷兰的弗莱辛格(Flessingue)空军基地和阿讷莫伊登(Arnemuisen)地峡跳伞,不过这次行动最后没有发动。
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  The French airborne companies are then used to form 4 "groupes francs" (52 men from the 601st CIA and 91 men from the 602nd CIA commanded by capitaine Glaizot) under the authority of the 28th alpine infantry division in Alsace. These groups are based in the No Man's Land, in Lembach (Alsace), 12km NE of Niederbronn (in the operational area of the 7th and 27th BCA - bataillon de chasseurs alpins -, alpine troops).
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  随后从这2个空中步兵营里面抽调了伞兵(601空中步兵营抽调了52人,602空中步兵营抽调了91人),组成了4个突击队( groupes francs),这些突击队又被配属给在阿尔萨斯的第28山地师。它们的作战位置是在位于巴德布隆(Niederbronn)东北12公里的朗巴克(Lembach,法军第7、27阿尔卑斯猎兵营的作战区域),在两军之间的无人地带活动。
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On February 14, 1940, the four "Groupes Francs" :
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-Lieutenant Chevalier (based in Lembach)
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-Lieutenant Le Bourhis (based in Lembach)
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-Lieutenant Audebert (based in Obersteinbach, at 15 km)
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-Lieutenant Lemaître (based in Obersteinbach, at 15 km)
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are commanded by capitaine Henri Glaizot whose HQ is in Lembach.
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到1940年2月14日,4个“突击队”指挥官与驻扎地点如下:
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-舍瓦利埃中尉 (朗巴克)
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-勒.布尔里中尉 (朗巴克)
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-奥德贝尔中尉(离奥贝斯坦巴克Obersteinbach15公里处)
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-勒米尔中尉 (离奥贝斯坦巴克15公里处)
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这四



  玉树凌疯,风流涕淌,装傻充愣,我本纯情
作者信息   主题: 法国空降兵简介1672

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  发表时间: 2008-2-27 15:12:34             

特别提示:本帖子在 2008-4-21 19:52:05 由用户 412886049 编辑过

一些图片补充
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composition of a GIA.
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GIA 601 flag
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infanterie de l'air patch
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infanterie de l'air (carbines on the side)
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Infanterie de l'air and Boys ATR
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French infanterie de l'Air during a parade in 1938。infanterie de l'Air Citroen truck
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——1938年阅兵时的法国空降兵,他们乘坐的是雪铁龙卡车
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浪漫烛光 www.langmanzg.com





  玉树凌疯,风流涕淌,装傻充愣,我本纯情
作者信息   主题: 法国空降兵简介1682

admin


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【人类幸存者】



  发表时间: 2008-2-27 15:30:49             


太棒了!谢谢楼主的文章!



  不要再悲叹哀怨,切莫再有泪空弹。 用鲜花洗涤旧世,剑之锋血光闪闪。
作者信息   主题: 法国空降兵简介1767

admin


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  发表时间: 2008-3-2 11:11:27             


楼主可否能找到详细一点的介绍D日圣马塞尔(St-Marcel)村战斗的资料?



  不要再悲叹哀怨,切莫再有泪空弹。 用鲜花洗涤旧世,剑之锋血光闪闪。
作者信息   主题: 法国空降兵简介2535

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  发表时间: 2008-5-19 22:12:43             


补充一点装备的介绍
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Concerning the Boys AT rifle in the French Army:
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Type : AT bolt action rifle
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Total length : 1620 mm
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Weight (empty) : 16.3 kg
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Barrel Length : 915 mm
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Caliber : 13.97x99B mm (.55in Boys)
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Magazine : 5 rounds magazine
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Penetration : 21 mm at 100 m
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V° : 884 m/s
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浪漫烛光 www.langmanzg.com

A modest number was provided by the British army, which received 220 French 25mm AT guns which became the weapon of the BEF's brigade AT companies. The Boys AT rifles equipped some reconnaissance battalions (GRDI and GRCA) as well as the two airborne units in existence. Nonetheless the airborne units seem to receive it only once in North Africa after the combats of 1940.
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浪漫烛光 www.langmanzg.com

In a meeting with the British on 20 March 1940 the French asked for 10,000 Boys AT rifles each with 500 rounds. The British obviously did not have anything like that number to spare. In a later meeting on 10 May 1940 it was agreed to supply 500 rifles starting 1 June 1940 each with 200 rounds. There would follow 200 rifles each month afterward with 40,000 rounds per month. The French already had 48 rifles. 10,000 practice rounds were also to be supplied in June 1940. In the event, only 400 rifles were sent in June and only with 100 rounds each as the British had no more spare ammunition. (Source: National Archives WO193/494).
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  玉树凌疯,风流涕淌,装傻充愣,我本纯情
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  发表时间: 2008-10-3 19:52:38             




浪漫烛光 www.langmanzg.com


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  玉树凌疯,风流涕淌,装傻充愣,我本纯情
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